The big problem for me and many others is that we do not know enough about the soil organisms we seek to protect – except that a healthy population quite clearly ensures healthier, more resilient trees. The ignoring of young tree mortality statistics has enabled the current situation where a lack of control re plant import and exporting, non qualified persons planting trees and the lack of aftercare to occur. Tree species which easily cope with all that is thrown at them become over used and the continual choice of the landscaping industry and the urban / rural divide becomes much more polarised.

Thus the potential of working with isolated fungi to accelerate a natural process towards specific disease resilient trees is very very exciting and surely given the flow of evidence something we must be embracing before any other method at this moment in time.